Cartographer Agent Installation

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There is a single Cartographer agent release that encompasses all supported platforms. That is, the single release contains binaries, libraries, plugins, and configuration files needed to run on all supported platforms. Files are built using a naming scheme that identifies the platform that they are compiled for.

Home Directory Location

The default/suggested locations for Cartographer agent installation are listed below. However, the software can be installed in virtually any location that is suitable for your distributed system. It is recommended, though, that the software not be installed on remote filesystems nor network shares. The software should be installed on a local filesystem.

  • UNIX /opt/cartographer
  • Win32 c:\program files\cartographer
  • Win64 c:\program files (x86)\cartographer

Unpack/Install the Release

The software is available in tar,zip, Solaris pkg, and Linux rpm formats.

  • UNIX tar or zip file
mkdir /opt/cartographer
cd /opt/cartographer
tar xvof /path-to-release/release.tar
mkdir /opt/cartographer
cd /opt/cartographer
  • Solaris Package
pkgadd -d ./cartographer.pkg
  • Linux RPM
rpm -iUv cartographer-1.3-1.i386.prm
  • Windows (zip file)

Double-click on the zip file and extract to c:\program files\cartographer.

  • Windows (executable installer file)

Double-click on the exe file and the graphical installer will take care of the rest. Accepting the default options is usually easiest and best. Go to this page to see the sequence of screens.

File Manifest

The agent release contains all files for all platforms. Files that are platform-specific contain a suffix specifying the platform they are compiled for. The platform-specific suffixes are identified below. The files included in each release are:

  • Agent Engine Binaries
    • xmpd-platformsuffix
  • MIB2 Plugins
    • mib2-platformsuffix
  • Cartographer Plugins
    • cartographer-platformsuffix
  • Test Plugins
    • testplugin-platformsuffix
  • Tools
    • ntsetup.exe - NT setup utility for configuring agent to run as Windows service
    • xmpquery-platformsuffix - XMP query tool
    • xmptomrtg-platformsuffix - XMP query tool that outputs data in MRTG format
    • restartxmpd.exe - tool used by agent engine to restart itself during automatic upgrades
    • - tool used by agent engine to restart itself during automatic upgrades
    • init.linux - Linux /etc/init.d script
    • init.solaris - Solaris /etc/init.d script
    • cartographertray.exe -- Windows system tray program
    • xmpgetsubgraph-platformsuffix - XMP query tool to retrieve a target agent's sub-graph
  • Libraries
    • libssl-platformsuffix - OpenSSL library
    • libcrypto-platformsuffix - OpenSSL crypto library
    • libxml2.dll - Windows libxml2 library
    • ssleay32.dll, libeay32.dll - OpenSSL libs for win32
    • zlib1.dll - Windows zlib library for data compression
    • pthreadVC1.dll - Windows pthreads library
    • iconv.dll - Windows library for character encoding conversions
    • libpcre-platformsuffix - Perl Compatible Regular Expressions library
  • Configuration Files
    • xmpd.xml - Agent configuration settings
    • cartographer.pem - Agent certificate authority keys
    • appdata.xml - Cartographer plugin data file storing application data
    • connectiondata.xml - Cartographer plugin data file storing connection data
    • cartographer.xml - Cartographer plugin configuration settings
    • cartographer-local.xml - Local, system-specific Cartographer-plugin configuration directives

Configuring Automatic Startup

Instructions below detail how to start the agent automatically at system-boot time. On Windows, ntsetup.exe should be run from a shell. On Vista, run the shell as administrator.

If you installed Cartographer via RPM, Windows installer, or Solaris package, this step is not necessary.

  • Linux (tar format only; no need to do this step after rpm package installation)
cp init.linux /etc/init.d/cartographer
chkconfig --add cartographer
  • Solaris (tar format only; no need to do this step after pkg installation)
cp init.solaris /etc/init.d
ln -s /etc/init.d/cartographer /etc/rc3.d/S91cartographer
  • Windows (zip file)
cd \program files\cartographer
.\ntsetup.exe -v -create
  • Windows (executable installer file)

Select Yes when the installer asks if you'd like to create the service entry.

Configuring the Cartographer Agent

Inspect the various configuration files to tailor the agent configuration to your environment. Below are settings that you may wish to change. Configuration files contain a version number which is used by the agent for distributing upgrades. Newer configuration files (those with greater version numbers) are automatically distributed to other agents.

See this page for more information and examples.

  • xmpd.xml
    • autoupgrade - default to true for automatic upgrades
    • defaultmanager - name or IP address of system to send Traps to by default. Traps are also sent, by default, to peer systems.
    • verbose - default to false; set to true for more verbose logging
    • authenuser - used to configure different protocol operation levels and access controls.
  • connectiondata.xml

Add/edit/delete entries that indicate, to the Cartographer plugin, which ports are used for which applications.

  • appdata.xml

Add/edit/delete entries that indicate which processes belong to with applications

  • cartographer.xml
    • xmpAuthenUser - name of authenUser parameter that the Cartographer plugin should use when contacting other agents. This parameter should also be a valid authenuser configured in xmpd.xml.
    • dependencyScanInterval - interval, in seconds, between dependency discovery. The smaller the interval, the more CPU Cartographer will consume. The longer the interval, the less granularity Cartographer has for dependency discovery.
  • cartographer-local.xml
    • This file is used to provide system-specific directives to the Cartographer plugin and is updated and distributed by Cartographer agents.

Starting and Stopping the Cartographer Agent (Manually)

To stop Cartographer:


/etc/init.d/cartographer stop


net stop Cartographer

To start Cartographer:


/etc/init.d/cartographer start


net start Cartographer

Windows Installer:

If you are using the Windows installer, select Yes when asked if you would like to start Cartographer now.

Whats Next?

You can check to see if the Cartographer agent is running, and correctly configured, by querying it with xmpquery. A plethora of XMP query files is contained in the Cartographer agent distribution. They include xmpgetstatus.xml, xmpgetcartographer.xml, xmpgetdepends.xml, and xmpgetiftable.xml.

On Windows, you can also check to see if the Cartographer agent is running and correctly configured via the Cartographer system tray icon.

Supported Platforms and Platform Specific Notes

Cartographer agents run on the following platforms:

  • Solaris 9+ Sparc/64-bit (-solaris platform suffix)
  • Solaris 9+ on x86 (-solx86 platform suffix)
  • Linux systems containing 2.4+ kernels on x86 (-linux platform suffix)
  • Windows 2000/XP/2003/Vista/2008 (-win32 platform suffix) both 32-bit and 64-bit


  • Solaris 11 is not yet supported; porting and testing is underway.
  • If you are using iptables or other firewall packages, you will need to open TCP/5270 for use by Cartographer.
  • On 64-bit Windows, 32-bit Cartographer runs in 32-bit mode just fine.
  • 64-bit Linux kernels are supported just fine. Some required 32-bit libs, however, may not be installed by default.
  • A port to MacOS is being contemplated but has not yet been finalized.
  • Ports to neither the iPhone/iPod nor Android have been planned at this time.
  • On Solaris, Cartographer agents are started with init scripts rather than the service management facility
  • The agent release contains its own builds of OpenSSL and PCRE that conform to our platform-specific naming scheme. Doing so makes installation and deployment, as well as upgrading, simpler and more consistent. The current version of OpenSSL shipped with Cartographer is 0.9.8g 19 Oct 2007. The current version of PCRE is 8.01 Jan 2010.
  • On UNIX, we use the native XML libraries; on Windows, we distribute a Windows version of libxml2.
  • On UNIX, we use the native POSIX threading libraries (pthreads); on Windows, we distribute a Windows version of pthreads.

See Also

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